Essay writing is one of those activities that a student has to get used to because it is among the most widely performed activities. Just because it is always done neither implies that every student knows how to properly write an essay nor does it imply that all students enjoys writing an essay. Either way, all students have to know how to go about writing a good essay. Before writing any essay, one should have a very close look at the essay topics and try to have both a big picture and a detailed picture of what the essay topic requires. Without properly understanding the essay question, it becomes very easy to go off the essay topic while writing the essay. When asked to select a topic for your essay, you should begin by examining the instructions given and settling for a narrowed essay topic that tackles all the instructions given. Once should then begin the essay with an introductory paragraph that introduces the subject the essay is about and gives a thesis statement that shows the direction that the essay shall take. The body of the essay follows next and this is the main part of the essay which is supposed to discuss the thesis statement and demonstrate to the reader why the thesis statement is accurate. Any book, article or website consulted to support arguments in the body should be well cited because failure to do so may lead to plagiarism penalties. The essay should then be concluded with reiteration of the thesis and a demonstration that the essays has satisfactorily answered the question that the essay was supposed to answer.
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Writing personal philosophy of education essays is really difficult, challenging, for the reason that philosophy is a kind of abstract discipline. In addition, if you take a look at online philosophy essay examples, you’ll see that your task is to connect difficult to prove, broad generalizations with the other difficult to prove, broad generalizations of similar nature. The result of professionally written philosophy project can be extraordinary, weird, simple, or something that is in between. However, if you need to generate a college level paper in philosophy you need to follow some basic specifications that your instructor requires.
Research the literature on your topic before you write the paper. Take benefits from online free philosophy papers, internet and printed libraries, academic databases long before writing the paper. For instance, if you write on the modern feminism postmodern dimensions, then you should 100% research the books written on postmodernism and modern feminism. Take your time and spend hours, days or maybe even weeks thinking about the research content and studying free philosophy papers before working on your paper. This will help add to complexity, depth and paper quality.
Make an outline for the philosophy paper. An outline will help you to ensure that every single idea of yours is logically followed by the other. If your professor finds your paper illogically, your project will definitely get knocked down.
Don’t forget about paper ideas review before handing it to your tutor. Approach your instructor for consultation. He will help you to correct your project and point out weaknesses of your ideas and whether the paper in general will get a good grade.
Write philosophy essay and stick close to all the basic requirements of your tutor and grammar rules. In philosophy essay every phrase and every sentence should be understandable, clear, logically structured and concise. Philosophy essays usually follow a specific logic from the very beginning till the very end, and even one blurred sentence can throw your reader off the essay. Words are key tools to state philosopher’s thoughts. Therefore, perfect structure of paper sentences is strictly important.
Review the finished paper many times. It is well-known that philosophy should be technically clear to every reader. Thus, you should ask your skilled and well-educated friend philosophy students to read your essay. Avail of philosophy essay examples to make sure you’re on the right path to success.
During the first half of the nineteenth century Jeremy Bentham proposed a quantification, or calculus, of morality by reference to utilitarian outcomes. Bentham’s moral theory was founded on the assumption that it is the consequences of human actions that count in evaluating their merit and that the consequence that matters most for human happiness is the achievement of pleasure and avoidance of pain. He argued that the value of any human action is easily calculated by considering how intensely its pleasure is felt, how long that pleasure lasts, how certainly and how quickly it follows upon the performance of the action, and how likely it is to produce collateral benefits and avoid collateral harms. And, since the happiness of the community as a whole is nothing other than the sum of individual human interests, the principle of utility defines the meaning of moral obligation by reference to the greatest happiness of the greatest number of people who are affected by performance of an action.
A generation later, John Stuart Mill not only argued in favor of the basic principles of Bentham’s theory, but also offered several significant improvements to its structure, meaning, and application. Utilitarianism, written by Mill in 1861, is an extended explanation of utilitarian moral theory that provides support for the theory and responds to criticisms of the doctrine. Mill fully accepted Bentham’s endorsement of the greatest happiness principle as the basic statement of utilitarian value, and consequently defined utilitarianism as a theory in which “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness” (Utilitarianism,346), where happiness is regarded as pleasure and the absence of pain, but he did not agree that all differences among pleasures can be quantified. Mill maintained that pleasures that are rooted in one’s higher faculties should be weighted more heavily than baser pleasures, arguing that “it is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied” (Utilitarianism,348). In other words, intellectual pleasures are more desirable than those pleasures derived from physical experiences. Unlike Bentham, Mill thought it irrational and unlikely that an individual could calculate accurately, in every instance, the effects of their actions. Consequently, Mill proposed that we allow our actions to be guided by moral rules, and that the value of each particular action is to be determined by reference to the principle of utility itself.
Michel Foucault, a master-mind behind the social philosophy, is considered to be
one of the most deceptive philosophers of all time. His main focus on social
philosophy is its affect on the economical power. Foucault’s ideas about bio-power
have changed the way society views the world. Bio-power is the idea of power
over life which means that the source of power emerged from all levels of society.
In earlier times rulers and different forms of government have controlled all aspects
of its citizens and gave them no leeways on how to lead their own lives. Then in
the beginning of the nineteenth century things changed and people fought back
against the controlling governments and gave themselves power. This means that
the society started to have more control and direction over their own lives instead
of being controlled by a ruler or by some form of a government.
Bio-power is a new form of power that gives us a place in social structure. It
unconsciously tries to control the whole population. Bio-power makes us mark
ourselves according to what normalization is. It forces us to use self-surveillance
in order to see how others see you as.
According to Foucault there are two subdivisions of bio-power,
administration of the social body in activities such as human reproduction and the
manipulation of human bodies. The state wants to exploit the human body for their
own purposes. During the seventeenth century, the states exercised their power
by visually marking the bodies through torture as well as using other types of
visible punishment. By the nineteenth century though the states have changed
their ways of exerting their power over its people by techniques of surveillance.
This technique contains a lot of power over people and makes them think twice
before acting on their own instincts because they know in their head that their
actions and words are being watched and followed. This gives a person the sense
of self-surveillance, which denies him of any freedoms that he had before.
As I sat here and pondered what to write for this paper, I was amazed to discover that I had never really contemplated my own moral philosophy. I had no reasons to give for why I act the way I do. As I began to think more deeply, I was inundated with numerous questions I felt that I had to ask myself in order to get to the answer. What makes me act the way I do? How do I determine the right course of action? Do I value my own opinions and feelings over those of others? Why do I feel that morality is mostly subjective? What role does religion play? Where did I learn my moral philosophy – is it even learned? I realized that I would need to be able to answer those questions before I could completely know my moral philosophy and myself. My moral philosophy is not simple and although it is not nearly as complex as Kant, it may be a challenge to assimilate. To understand my moral philosophy, you must first understand what makes me who I am.
I was born in the suburbs away from the violence and corruption that floods our television sets. The violence that I saw on television might as well have been an action movie and not the nightly news, because it didn’t pertain to life, as I knew it.
I was not a sheltered child and I was aware of the ways of the world, however, I chose to ignore that which I could not see on a daily basis. My parents were very young when I was born and with no child rearing experience, they taught me to be my own person. I was given the freedom to make my own decision from the time I was old enough to decide. My relationship with my parents has always been an extremely close one, and I learned to look at them as the ideal role models in all aspects of life. As a child, I adopted their faith, witnessing how they turned towards religion when times got rough. I attended Sunday school on a regular basis and even practiced bible studies with some of my church friends. I believed in God, but my faith was never something that I pushed on others, or even something that I wanted others to understand. My faith was something deep inside me. It was very personal and something that I could believe in to give me hope. Through religion, I learned to respect the opinions of others, and at a young age I began to weigh consequences when choosing a course of action. I began to consider the feelings of others as well as what I felt was right in my heart. I can remember being invited to spend the night at two different friends houses on the same night, and I couldn’t decide whom to choose. I came up with my own solution and invited them both to stay at my house. This has become an integral part of my moral philosophy – the best course of action is not the one that is right or wrong, but the one that falls in between and causes the least amount of unhappiness for everyone involved, including myself.